Faculty of Law


Marks and grades

Here is all the information you need to understand how your work will be assessed and graded within the Faculty of Law.

How will your coursework and examinations be graded?
The following table shows the relationship of marks to grades on the nine-point scale used by the Faculty of Law for coursework and the final examination in the course, as well as descriptors appropriate to the requirements of the course, corresponding to the level of attainment within each of the letter grades on the scale. Students will note that the descriptors are broadly banded in the grades of A, B, C, and D, with the finer gradings being reflecting as "shades" or "levels" of achievement within the broad bands.

Grade % value Description relating to student attainment in the course
A+
A
A-
90-100
85-89
80-84

Work of high to exceptionally high quality showing excellence in, or advanced knowledge and understanding of, subject matter, appreciation of the issues, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation of course content; well formulated arguments based on strong and sustainable evidence and/or supporting authority; full identification and accurate referencing of relevant primary and secondary sources; high level of creative ability, originality, and critical thinking; excellent communication and presentation skills; accurate adherence to the New Zealand Law Style Guide. In short, the "A" student will have attained an "in-depth" knowledge and understanding of the subject matter of the course, and may have undertaken extensive reading beyond that which is required. The student will have consistently demonstrated a high level of proficiency in understanding and applying relevant conceptual tools and methodologies to the subject area and in addressing relevant debates in the area. Clarity, insight and "added value" are looked for.

 

B+
B
B-

75-79
70-74
65-69

Work showing a good to strong grasp of subject matter and understanding of major issues, though not necessarily of the finer points; good-to-strong application of the appropriate legal principles to the assessment task; arguments clearly developed and based on sound evidence and/or legal authority; identification and accurate referencing of relevant primary and secondary sources; evidence of creative ability, originality, and critical thinking; good communication and presentation skills; accurate adherence to the New Zealand Law Style Guide. In short, the "B" student will have attained a "sound" knowledge and understanding of the subject matter of the course, and demonstrated familiarity with the major academic debates, and the ability to apply, fairly accurately, relevant methodologies, and conceptual tools to the subject area.

 

C+
C
C-

60-64
55-59
50-54

Work showing a knowledge of subject matter and appreciation of the main issues, albeit with some lapses and inadequacies; basic application of appropriate legal principles to the assessment task; arguments developed and supported by some evidence and/or legal authority; identification and accurate referencing of the main primary and secondary sources; creative ability, originality, and critical thinking evident but limited; adequate communication and presentation skills; adequate adherence to the New Zealand Law Style Guide. In short, the "C" student will have attained an "adequate" knowledge and understanding of the subject matter of the course, and demonstrated some familiarity with the major academic debates, approaches, methodologies and conceptual tools to the subject area.

 

 

D+
D
45-49
40-44

Work lacks breadth and depth, generally has gaps of a significant nature, and may state contradictory propositions and/or conclusions are often stated. Frequently work of this grade takes a simple factual approach, and student
understanding and coverage is inadequate; little or no attempt is made to interpret, analyse, or critique the material; at the lower end, work indicates a need for considerable effort to achieve improvement; poor communication and presentation skills; poor (or no) adherence to the New Zealand Law Style Guide. In short, the "D" student will have attained an "inadequate" knowledge and understanding of the subject matter of the course, and demonstrated merely superficial familiarity with the major academic debates, approaches, methodologies, and conceptual tools of the subject.

 

D- 0-39

Highly unsatisfactory work; shows a real lack of knowledge about and understanding of the subject matter; inadequate in degree of relevance, sometimes completeness, often both; communication and presentation skills are very weak; poor (or no) adherence to the New Zealand Law Style Guide. In short, the "D-" student will have attained a "very poor" knowledge of the subject matter of the course, and demonstrated little (if any) familiarity with the major academic debates, approaches, methodologies, and conceptual tools of the subject.

 


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